Electronic music composer Eliane Radigue (1932), was a pioneer of synthesizer music in the 1960’s and 70’s. Working firstly as an assistant to Pierre Schaeffer, she began to compose her own style of drawn-out, minimal pieces whilst studying at New York University. There she developed her sound predominantly using the ARP 2500 modular system, which was subsequently compared to aspects of Buddhist meditative techniques. Radigue became a follower of Buddhism and it had a profound effect on her work, encouraging the sparse and meditative nature of her compositions.
Deep Thought/Deep Blue
Deep Thought was the name of a computer developed at IBM with the intentions of beating world champions at chess. In 1989 Gari Kasparov, regarded by many as the greatest chess player alive, played Deep Thought and won. However, in 1996, IMB had developed the computational power of Deep Thought further and renaming it Deep Blue, which then beat Kasparov under official chess game conditions.
This scientific experiment quickly became a media sensation and it became less about exploring the possibilities of computer sciences and more about a battle of intellect between man and computer. Kasparov became a representative of the human race and sought out to prove that nothing could be as powerful as the human mind.
Colossus was one of the first computers ever produced with programmable memory. It was developed by British Intelligence and was used by WWII code breakers at Bletchley Park in the 1940’s.
The Satellite Educational Television Experiment was a communications project to deliver educational programming to rural parts of India in 1975. It was developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation and NASA adn aimed to educate poor communities in 2500 remote locations and help India gain technical expertise in satellite communications.
The program ended in 1976 and despite protests from villager and writer Arthur C. Clark, who was given a SITE television in Sri Lanka, and NASA removed their satellite from the area.
MareNostrum is the second most powerful computer in Spain, and was made by IBM. The computer resides in the Barcelona Supercomputing Center, which is a deconsecrated chapel. The supercomputer is used in computing human genome research, protein research, astrophysical simulations, and weather forecasting.